I have been fairly hard at work writing my own guide that I think provides a little bit more information, organized in a way, that is most useful to the beginner. It is ongoing and I will be adding more and more over the days, months, and years.
The guide may have some information that is useful to you, hopefully, organized in a way that you could tell your newbie friend to check this guide before playing - to get started in a way that helps them enjoy the game and not give up on it the first time they are murdered for their rock.
I’d love some feedback, constructive criticism, or comments if you feel so inclined. I know there are many guides, and many of them are great! I think there should be more guides. The easier it is for newbies to find information about the game, the more likely they will enjoy the game or play in a way that they enjoy.